Commercial/Multifamily Mortgage Debt Rose over $200 Billion in 2017

Commercial/Multifamily Mortgage Debt Rose over $200 Billion in 2017

WASHINGTON, D.C. (March 20, 2018) – (RealEstateRama) — The level of commercial/multifamily mortgage debt outstanding at the end of 2017 was $3.18 trillion, $200.3 billion higher than at the end of 2016, or an increase of 6.7 percent, according to MBA’s latest Commercial/Multifamily Mortgage Debt Outstanding report released today. The fourth quarter of 2017 saw an increase of $73.6 billion, or 2.4 percent, over the third quarter, as all four of the major investor groups increased their holdings.

Multifamily mortgage debt outstanding rose to $1.26 trillion, an increase of $41.6 billion, or 3.4 percent, from the third of quarter of 2017.

“Commercial and multifamily mortgage debt outstanding continued to grow in 2017, albeit at a slightly slower rate than overall property values,” said Jamie Woodwell, MBA’s Vice President of Commercial Real Estate Research. “Even so, 2017 marked the strongest year for mortgage debt growth since 2007, with Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and FHA leading the market, followed by banks, life companies and real estate investment trusts. The commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS) market, which saw a decline for the year as a whole, turned a corner and added $9 billion during the fourth quarter.”
The four major investor groups are: bank and thrift; commercial mortgage backed securities (CMBS), collateralized debt obligation (CDO) and other asset backed securities (ABS) issues; federal agency and government sponsored enterprise (GSE) portfolios and mortgage backed securities (MBS); and life insurance companies.

The analysis summarizes the holdings of loans or, if the loans are securitized, the form of the security. For example, many life insurance companies invest both in whole loans for which they hold the mortgage note (and which appear in this data under Life Insurance Companies) and in CMBS, CDOs and other ABS for which the security issuers and trustees hold the note (and which appear here under CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues).

Commercial banks continue to hold the largest share of commercial/multifamily mortgages, $1.3 trillion, or 40 percent of the total.

Agency and GSE portfolios and MBS are the second largest holders of commercial/multifamily mortgages, holding $606 billion, or 19 percent of the total. Life insurance companies hold $468 billion, or 15 percent of the total, and CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues hold $441 billion, or 14 percent of the total. Many life insurance companies, banks and the GSEs purchase and hold CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues. These loans appear in the “CMBS, CDO and other ABS” category.

MULTIFAMILY MORTGAGE DEBT OUTSTANDING
Looking solely at multifamily mortgages, agency and GSE portfolios and MBS hold the largest share, with $606 billion, or 48 percent of the total multifamily debt outstanding. They are followed by commercial banks with $404 billion, or 32 percent of the total. State and local government hold $94 billion, or 8 percent of the total; life insurance companies hold $73 billion, or 6 percent of the total; CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues hold $43 billion, or 3 percent of the total, and nonfarm noncorporate business holds $14 billion, or one percent of the total.

CHANGES IN COMMERCIAL/MULTIFAMILY MORTGAGE DEBT OUTSTANDING
In the fourth quarter of 2017, agency and GSE portfolios and MBS saw the largest increase in dollar terms in their holdings of commercial/multifamily mortgage debt – an increase of $33.0 billion, or 5.8 percent. Life insurance companies increased their holdings by $13.6 billion, or 3.0 percent, and commercial banks increased their holdings by $12.4 billion, or 1.0 percent. Finance companies saw the largest decrease at $268 million, or down 0.9 percent.
In percentage terms, agency and GSE portfolios and MBS saw the largest increase in their holdings of commercial/multifamily mortgages, an increase of 5.8 percent. Finance companies saw their holdings decrease 0.9 percent.

CHANGES IN MULTIFAMILY MORTGAGE DEBT OUTSTANDING
The $41.6 billion increase in multifamily mortgage debt outstanding between the third and fourth quarters of 2017 represents a 3.4 percent increase. In dollar terms, agency and GSE portfolios and MBS saw the largest increase in their holdings of multifamily mortgage debt, an increase of $33.0 billion, or 5.8 percent. Commercial banks increased their holdings of multifamily mortgage debt by $3.7 billion, or 0.9 percent. State and local government increased by $2.0 million, or 2.1 percent. Finance companies saw the largest decline in their holdings of multifamily mortgage debt, by $42 million, or down 0.6 percent.
In percentage terms, agency and GSE portfolios and MBS recorded the largest increase in holdings of multifamily mortgages, at 5.8 percent. Private pension funds saw the biggest decrease at 4.6 percent.

CHANGES IN COMMERCIAL/MULTIFAMILY MORTGAGE DEBT OUTSTANDING DURING 2017
Between December 2016 and December 2017, agency and GSE portfolios and MBS saw the largest increase in dollar terms in their holdings of commercial/multifamily mortgage debt – an increase of $85 billion, or 16 percent. CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues decreased their holdings of commercial/multifamily mortgages by $17.9 billion, or 4 percent.
In percentage terms, agency and GSE portfolios and MBS saw the largest increase in their holdings of commercial/multifamily mortgages, an increase of 16 percent. Finance companies saw the largest decrease, at 10 percent.

CHANGES IN MULTIFAMILY MORTGAGE DEBT OUTSTANDING DURING 2017
The $109.5 billion increase in multifamily mortgage debt outstanding during 2017 represents a 9.5 percent increase. In dollar terms, agency and GSE portfolios and MBS saw the largest increase in their holdings of multifamily mortgage debt – an increase of $85.1 billion, or 16 percent. CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues saw a decrease of $4.5 billion in their holdings, or 9 percent.
In percentage terms, agency and GSE portfolios and MBS recorded the largest increase in their holdings of multifamily mortgages, 16 percent, while finance companies saw the largest decrease, 27 percent.
MBA’s complete Commercial/Multifamily Mortgage Debt Outstanding report can be downloaded here. MBA’s analysis is based on data from the Federal Reserve Board’s Financial Accounts of the United States, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation’s Quarterly Banking Profile and data from Wells Fargo Securities. More information on this data series is contained in Appendix A. You can download the full report by clickinghere.

CONTACT
Ali Ahmad

(202) 557- 2727

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The Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) is the national association representing the real estate finance industry, an industry that employs more than 280,000 people in virtually every community in the country. Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the association works to ensure the continued strength of the nation’s residential and commercial real estate markets; to expand homeownership and extend access to affordable housing to all Americans. MBA promotes fair and ethical lending practices and fosters professional excellence among real estate finance employees through a wide range of educational programs and a variety of publications. Its membership of over 2,400 companies includes all elements of real estate finance: mortgage companies, mortgage brokers, commercial banks, thrifts, Wall Street conduits, life insurance companies and others in the mortgage lending field.

Contact:

Mortgage Bankers Association
1331 L Street, NW
Washington, DC 20005

Phone: (202) 557-2700

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