Bond Yields Rise and So Do Mortgage Rates


McLean, VA – December 9, 2010 – (RealEstateRama) — Freddie Mac (OTC: FMCC) today released the results of its Primary Mortgage Market Survey® (PMMS®), which found that once again, both fixed- and short-term mortgage rates rose this week.  This was the fourth week in a row where fixed-rate mortgage rates were up.

News Facts

  • 30-year fixed-rate mortgage (FRM) averaged 4.61 percent with an average 0.7 point for the week ending December 9, 2010, up from last week when it averaged 4.46 percent. Last year at this time, the 30-year FRM averaged 4.81 percent.
  • 15-year FRM this week averaged 3.96 percent with an average 0.7 point, up from last week when it averaged 3.81 percent. A year ago at this time, the 15-year FRM averaged 4.32 percent.
  • 5-year Treasury-indexed hybrid adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) averaged 3.60 percent this week, with an average 0.6 point, up from last week when it averaged 3.49 percent. A year ago, the 5-year ARM averaged 4.26 percent.
  • 1-year Treasury-indexed ARM averaged 3.27 percent this week with an average 0.6 point, up from last week when it averaged 3.25 percent. At this time last year, the 1-year ARM averaged 4.24 percent.

Average commitment rates should be reported along with average fees and points to reflect the total cost of obtaining the mortgage.


Attributed to Frank Nothaft, vice president and chief economist, Freddie Mac.

  • “After Europe made strides in its debt situation, investors left the security of U.S. Treasury debt causing bond yields to rise and mortgage rates along with them.  Interest rates for 30-year fixed mortgages are now almost a half percentage point higher than the record low set in mid-October, which for a $200,000 conventional loan amounts to $50 more in monthly payments.
  • “Housing demand appears to be picking up recently. Existing pending sales jumped 10.4 percent in October to the strongest pace since April, according to the National Association of Realtors®. More recently, mortgage applications for home purchases rose for the three consecutive weeks ending on December 3rd, representing a 17.7 percent increase and the strongest pace since the week of May 7th, based on figures released by the Mortgage Bankers Association .”

Freddie Mac was established by Congress in 1970 to provide liquidity, stability and affordability to the nation’s residential mortgage markets. Freddie Mac supports communities across the nation by providing mortgage capital to lenders. Over the years, Freddie Mac has made home possible for one in six homebuyers and more than five million renters.

Summary of Survey Results

Fixed-Rate Mortgages
US 4.61 0.7 3.96 0.7
Northeast 4.62 0.7 3.97 0.6
Southeast 4.58 0.7 3.96 0.6
N. Central 4.65 0.5 3.97 0.4
Southwest 4.56 0.7 3.92 0.7
West 4.62 1.0 3.95 0.9
Five/One-Year Adjustable-Rate Mortgages
US 3.60 0.6 2.75
Northeast 3.69 0.5 2.76
Southeast 3.41 0.5 2.75
N. Central 3.82 0.4 2.73
Southwest 3.51 0.8 2.78
West 3.50 0.8 2.73
One-Year Adjustable-Rate Mortgages
US 3.27 0.6 2.77
Northeast 3.15 0.6 2.79
Southeast 3.47 0.8 2.75
N. Central 3.66 0.3 2.73
Southwest 3.33 0.8 2.77
West 3.02 0.8 2.77

Freddie Mac defines its regions as follows:

Northeast: NY, NJ, PA, DE, MD, DC, VA, WV, ME, NH, VT, MA, RI, CT
Southeast: NC, SC, TN, KY, GA, AL, FL, MS, PR, VI
North Central: OH, IN, IL, MI, WI, MN, IA, ND, SD
Southwest: TX, LA, NM, OK, AR, MO, KS, CO, NE, WY
West: CA, AZ, NV, OR, WA, UT, ID, MT, HI, AK, GU

Freddie Mac’s Primary Mortgage Market Survey (PMMS) is for informational purposes only and Freddie Mac is not responsible for business decisions made based on the reported results of the PMMS. In general, the data presented were calculated from information collected Monday through Wednesday of the same week that the PMMS is released and may not reflect mortgage rates, fees or points currently available from any lender. Freddie Mac may change the methodology used to conduct the PMMS at any time and without notice.


Commitment Rate is the interest rate a lender would charge to lend mortgage money to a qualified borrower exclusive of the fees and points required by the lender. This commitment rate applies only to conventional financing on conforming mortgages with loan-to-value rates of 80 percent or less.

ARM Index is the one-year Treasury

Loan to Value Ratio (LTV) is the ratio of the loan amount of a mortgage loan to the lower of the appraisal value or purchase price of the property securing the loan.

Origination Fees and Discount Points are the total charged by the lender at settlement. One point equals one percent of the loan amount.

Margin is a fixed amount added to the underlying index to establish the fully indexed rate for an ARM.

Weighted Averages for the Primary Mortgage Market Survey have been adjusted as of October 28, 2010. The new weights use the dollar volume of conventional first-lien mortgage originations within the 1-unit Freddie Mac loan limit as reported under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) for 2008. The weights are listed in the table below.

Freddie Mac Region PMMS Weights




North Central






Primary Mortgage Market Survey Results
December 9, 2010

30-Year Fixed Rate Mortgages
Average 4.61 4.62 4.58 4.65 4.56 4.62
Fees & Points 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 1.0
15-Year Fixed Rate Mortgages
Average 3.96 3.97 3.96 3.97 3.92 3.95
Fees & Points 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.9
5/1-Year Adjustable Rate Mortgages
Average 3.60 3.69 3.41 3.82 3.51 3.50
Fees & Points 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.8
Margin 2.75 2.76 2.75 2.73 2.78 2.73
1-Year Adjustable Rate Mortgages
Average 3.27 3.15 3.47 3.66 3.33 3.02
Fees & Points 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.8 0.8
Margin 2.77 2.79 2.75 2.73 2.77 2.77
The National Mortgage Rate Snapshot
Average 4.81 4.32 4.26 4.24 4.46 3.81 3.49 3.25
Fees & Points 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6
Margin N/A N/A 2.74 2.76 N/A N/A 2.75 2.76
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