30-Year Fixed-Rate Mortgage Drops to 5 Percent


McLean, VA – February 17, 2011 – (RealEstateRama) — Freddie Mac (OTC: FMCC) today released the results of its Primary Mortgage Market Survey® (PMMS®), which shows a drop in long-term fixed rates this week.

News Facts

  • 30-year fixed-rate mortgage (FRM) averaged 5.0 percent with an average 0.7 point for the week ending February 17, 2011, down from last week when it averaged 5.05 percent. Last year at this time, the 30-year FRM averaged 4.93 percent.
  • 15-year FRM this week averaged 4.27 percent with an average 0.7 point, down from last week when it averaged 4.29 percent. A year ago at this time, the 15-year FRM averaged 4.33 percent.
  • 5-year Treasury-indexed hybrid adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) averaged 3.87 percent this week, with an average 0.6 point, down from last week when it averaged 3.92 percent. A year ago, the 5-year ARM averaged 4.12 percent.
  • 1-year Treasury-indexed ARM averaged 3.39 percent this week with an average 0.6 point, up from last week when it averaged 3.35 percent. At this time last year, the 1-year ARM averaged 4.23 percent.

Average commitment rates should be reported along with average fees and points to reflect the total cost of obtaining the mortgage.


Attributed to Frank Nothaft, vice president and chief economist, Freddie Mac.

  • “Fixed mortgage rates eased slightly this week and continue to be very affordable. Prior to 2009, interest rates for 30-year fixed-rate mortgages had never been at 5 percent since our survey began in April 1971. In both 1981 and 1982, the rates were over three times as high as they are today.
  • “The housing market is struggling to regain traction despite still historically low rates. New construction on one-family homes dipped slightly in January to an annualized pace of 413,000 units, which was the fewest number since May 2009. In addition, homebuilder confidence didn’t improve for the third consecutive month in February and remains near record lows, according the NAHB/Wells Fargo Housing Market Index .”

Freddie Mac was established by Congress in 1970 to provide liquidity, stability and affordability to the nation’s residential mortgage markets. Freddie Mac supports communities across the nation by providing mortgage capital to lenders. Over the years, Freddie Mac has made home possible for one in six homebuyers and more than five million renters.

Summary of Survey Results

Fixed-Rate Mortgages
US 5.00 0.7 4.27 0.7
Northeast 5.04 0.7 4.30 0.7
Southeast 4.95 0.9 4.23 0.9
N. Central 5.04 0.6 4.30 0.5
Southwest 5.04 0.6 4.32 0.6
West 4.96 0.8 4.21 0.8
Five/One-Year Adjustable-Rate Mortgages
US 3.87 0.6 2.75
Northeast 3.96 0.7 2.78
Southeast 3.77 0.8 2.75
N. Central 3.99 0.4 2.72
Southwest 3.84 0.6 2.77
West 3.76 0.7 2.74
One-Year Adjustable-Rate Mortgages
US 3.39 0.6 2.76
Northeast 3.53 0.6 2.79
Southeast 3.19 0.7 2.75
N. Central 3.71 0.3 2.73
Southwest 3.38 0.8 2.77
West 3.18 0.7 2.75

Freddie Mac defines its regions as follows:

Northeast: NY, NJ, PA, DE, MD, DC, VA, WV, ME, NH, VT, MA, RI, CT
Southeast: NC, SC, TN, KY, GA, AL, FL, MS, PR, VI
North Central: OH, IN, IL, MI, WI, MN, IA, ND, SD
Southwest: TX, LA, NM, OK, AR, MO, KS, CO, NE, WY
West: CA, AZ, NV, OR, WA, UT, ID, MT, HI, AK, GU

Freddie Mac’s Primary Mortgage Market Survey (PMMS) is for informational purposes only and Freddie Mac is not responsible for business decisions made based on the reported results of the PMMS. In general, the data presented were calculated from information collected Monday through Wednesday of the same week that the PMMS is released and may not reflect mortgage rates, fees or points currently available from any lender. Freddie Mac may change the methodology used to conduct the PMMS at any time and without notice.


Commitment Rate is the interest rate a lender would charge to lend mortgage money to a qualified borrower exclusive of the fees and points required by the lender. This commitment rate applies only to conventional financing on conforming mortgages with loan-to-value rates of 80 percent or less.

ARM Index is the one-year Treasury

Loan to Value Ratio (LTV) is the ratio of the loan amount of a mortgage loan to the lower of the appraisal value or purchase price of the property securing the loan.

Origination Fees and Discount Points are the total charged by the lender at settlement. One point equals one percent of the loan amount.

Margin is a fixed amount added to the underlying index to establish the fully indexed rate for an ARM.

Weighted Averages for the Primary Mortgage Market Survey have been adjusted as of October 28, 2010. The new weights use the dollar volume of conventional first-lien mortgage originations within the 1-unit Freddie Mac loan limit as reported under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) for 2008. The weights are listed in the table below.

Freddie Mac Region PMMS Weights




North Central






Primary Mortgage Market Survey Results
February 17, 2011

30-Year Fixed Rate Mortgages
Average 5.00 5.04 4.95 5.04 5.04 4.96
Fees & Points 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.8
15-Year Fixed Rate Mortgages
Average 4.27 4.30 4.23 4.30 4.32 4.21
Fees & Points 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.8
5/1-Year Adjustable Rate Mortgages
Average 3.87 3.96 3.77 3.99 3.84 3.76
Fees & Points 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.6 0.7
Margin 2.75 2.78 2.75 2.72 2.77 2.74
1-Year Adjustable Rate Mortgages
Average 3.39 3.53 3.19 3.71 3.38 3.18
Fees & Points 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.7
Margin 2.76 2.79 2.75 2.73 2.77 2.75
The National Mortgage Rate Snapshot
Average 4.93 4.33 4.12 4.23 5.05 4.29 3.92 3.35
Fees & Points 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Margin N/A N/A 2.74 2.75 N/A N/A 2.75 2.76


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