Down Payment Assistance Funding Scheme Violates Law, Forces Borrowers to Accept Higher Interest Rate Mortgage

WASHINGTON, D.C. – (RealEstateRama) — The Federal Housing Administration (FHA) is steering borrowers toward a down payment assistance program with a funding scheme that violates federal law, forces borrowers to accept a higher interest rate, and poses a risk to the FHA’s insurance fund, according to the Inspector General of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).

Financial Services Committee

In addition, while the Inspector General’s audit was pending, FHA violated official procedures by making “significant core changes” to the program in an apparent attempt “to make what problems we found arguably appropriate,” HUD Inspector General David Montoya wrote in a letter to House Financial Services Committee Chairman Jeb Hensarling (R-TX).

“HUD has failed to recognize the disturbing parallels to the seller-funded down payment assistance arrangements practices in the late 1990’s to 2008 which caused wide-scale problems to the program and whose reverberations are still felt today,” Montoya wrote.  “It is exactly these types of risks, to the borrowers and to the health of the overall FHA’s Fund which taxpayers rely on, that compel me to now raise these concerns.  It appears that the specific down payment assistance funding arrangements highlighted in the audits creates even more significant economic disparity over time since the borrower is burdened with a higher interest rate for the life of the loan.”

Chairman Hensarling said, “Breaking the law, trapping borrowers in higher interest rate loans, and trying to cover it up by secretly re-writing the rules – this is the sad, sorry state of today’s FHA.  How ironic that the Obama Administration here has been caught engaging in the same sort of shady subprime lending schemes it condemns.  Secretary Castro told Congress last year that seller-assisted down payment assistance poses such ‘a serious risk to the health’ of the FHA – and thus to taxpayers – that the FHA was working hard to shut it down.  The Inspector General’s report makes clear the FHA still has not succeeded.”

An estimated 60,000 FHA loans are originated each year using the program’s borrower-reimbursed funding arrangements “which violate the plain language” of federal law and “adversely affect the FHA-insured loans of participating borrowers who may have unknowingly been steered into these arrangements,” the Inspector General said in his letter.

Among the problems the Inspector General uncovered with the down payment agreements between FHA, U.S. Bank and housing finance agencies (HFAs) around the country:

  • “[F]or a borrower to get the HFA’s down payment assistance as part of this specific program, the borrower had to accept the higher interest rate mortgage.  The higher interest rate charged to the borrower in these programs would not have been required had the borrower received the down payment assistance from another source.”
  • “[C]osts to the borrower far exceeds the down payment, negatively affects the borrower, and makes these loans a risk to the FHA insurance fund.”
  • “To our knowledge, the borrower was not informed that they could receive a lower rate and could avoid these additional costs with down payment assistance from another source.”
  • The illegal financing arrangement “places the borrower and the FHA at undue risk of loan failure…”
  • “The statute prohibits parties that financially benefit from the loan origination transaction…from providing the minimum investment.  Even under a narrow reading of the prohibition, U.S. Bank benefitted from the primary market transaction, charging fees to the borrower for its participation and later reimbursing the Housing Finance Agency that advanced the down payment assistance, through securitization proceeds.”
  • “In addition to the legal violation, these transactions represent significant increased costs to borrowers and related risk to the FHA insurance fund.”

To read the Inspector General’s letter, click here.

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Financial Services Committee

The Committee oversees all components of the nation's housing and financial services sectors including banking, insurance, real estate, public and assisted housing, and securities. The Committee continually reviews the laws and programs relating to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Federal Reserve Bank, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, and international development and finance agencies such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.

The Committee also ensures enforcement of housing and consumer protection laws such as the U.S. Housing Act, the Truth In Lending Act, the Housing and Community Development Act, the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the Community Reinvestment Act, and financial privacy laws.

Contact:

House Financial Services Committee
Democratic Staff
2129 Rayburn House Office Building,
Washington, DC 20515
Phone: (202) 225-4247
Fax: (202) 225-6952 

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